Introduction to robotics begins with understanding its definition. According to Vikram Kapila in his paper robot is a reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator design to move material, parts, tools or specialized devices through variable programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks (Robot Institute of America, 1979).
Introduction to Robotics according to Vikram Kapila
In introduction to robotics paper Vikram Kapila shows some examples of robot that is useful for human. Decontaminating Robot is a robot for cleaning the main circulating pump housing in the nuclear power plant. This sort of work is really dangerous for human due to nuclear contamination can harm human’s life. Decontaminating Robot helps human for their limitation. Welding Robot facilitates repetitive jobs that are boring, stressful, or labor-intensive for humans. The Scrubmate Robot assists human to do rough work which is unwilling to do.
Vikram Kapila in his Introduction to Robotics paper explained the brief history about robotics. In 1945, George Devol designed the first programmable robot called Unimaton and became the name of the first robot company (1962). Then, in 1978 it was invented The Puma (Programmable Universal Machine for Assembly). The robot is developed by Unimation collaborated with General Motors Design Support. The robot is called PUMA 560 Manipulator. In 1980, the growth of robotics industry developed rapidly. Many institutions began to introduce robotics lessons. It included mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and computer science department. In 1995 it is developed the robotics application for tiny robot-robot and mobile robots. This development became the bookmark of the second development of industry robot and stimulated the invention of new robotics company to observe robotics. One of the big accomplishments was in 2003; NASA launched NASA’s Mars Exploration Rovers to seek the history of the existing water in Mars. Generally, robot is developed into two parts which are fixed and mobile robots. Fixed robot is robotic manipulator used in manufacturing that cannot move their base away from the work being done. Mobile robot is typically platforms with wheels or tracks attached. Some robot employs legs in order to move.
Introduction to Robotics: introducing J.J Craig
J.J Craig in his book “Introduction to Robotics Mechanics and Control” tried to provide readers with real-world practicality with underlying theory presented. The book is about introduction to robotics introducing science and technology of mechanical manipulation. This edition consists of 13 chapters including numerous exercises and programming assignment appears at the end of each chapter which is mostly recommended to introduction to robotics book.
This book is an ideal handbook for engineers developing robotics system. This book becomes the gate of introduction to robotics, which is fixed for everyone, involved with the mechanics, control, or programming of robotics system. In this book, from chapter 1 to chapter 8 discusses about topics from mechanical engineering and mathematics. Then, for chapter 9 to 11 discusses about control theoretical material. Lastly, from chapter 12 to 13 consist of computer science material.
Introduction to Robotics: chapter review from J.J Craig’s book
It is obviously seen that introduction to robotics explained in this book consisting of, chapter 1 discusses about an introduction to the field of robotics. Chapter 2 copes the mathematics used to describe positions and orientation in 3-space. Chapter 3 and chapter 4 talks about the geometry of mechanical manipulators. Chapter 5 consisting of investigation connected to kinematics to velocities and static forces. Chapter 6 conversing the forces and moments required to cause motion of a manipulator. This is the problem of manipulator dynamics. Chapter 7 confers the describing motion of the manipulator in terms of trajectories through space.
Chapter 8 connects to the mechanical design of a manipulator. Chapter 9 and 10 discuss the exploration of methods of controlling a manipulator. In chapter 9 emphasis on the linear aspect of control methods and chapter 10 focuses on non-linear realm. Then chapter 11 explores the relatively new field of active force control with a manipulator. Chapter 12 talks about the exploration of methods of programming robots, specifically the elements needed in a robot programming system, and the particular problem associated with programming industrial robots. The last chapter, chapter 13, consists of the introduction of off-line simulation and programming system which are now beginning to appear and represent the latest extension to the man-robot interface. That is why it is called introduction of robotics Craig, due to J.J Craig is the one who creates the content of the book. Therefore this book is compatible to use as the capstone to get deeper introduction of robotics.